Campaign LMAP-SOLID 2017 in Rio Tinto

Between May 31 and June 9 a joint NASA-CAB campaign will take place in the area around the source of the Tinto River (Huelva). This is the last campaign planned within the LMAP project (Life-Detection Mars Analog Project, Project of detection of life in a Martian analogue), which has Brian Glass (NASA Ames Research Center, USA) as principal investigator and with Victor Parro , from the Astrobiology Center, as co-principal investigator.

The main objective of the LMAP project is to increase development and technological maturity of a system of drilling and sampling in the subsoil for the search for life and planetary exploration (mainly on Mars).

Samples are distributed to different analytical instruments, including SOLID (Signs Of Life Detector), which has been developed by the CAB. It is an instrument designed for the detection and identification of microorganisms and biochemical compounds through the automated analysis of both solid samples (soils, earth or ice rocks) and liquid samples. The heart of SOLID is a biochip with more than 300 antibodies called LDChip (Life Detector Chip, or chip life detector).

During the campaign different robotic drilling tests will be carried out, as well as in situ sampling and analysis, using both SOLID and DNA extraction. Subsequently, the results will be validated in the lab.

SOLID (currently in version 3.1) and LDChip have been tested in various campaigns conducted in similar environments of Mars, such as Rio Tinto, Antarctica, the Atacama Desert (Chile), the Arctic, some deep mines in South Africa, as well as in simulated conditions of planetary environment.

Both the drilling system and SOLID are the components Fundamentals of the IceBreaker Life mission, which has been proposed by the NASA Ames Research Center and could be one of the missions selected by NASA to go to Mars in the near future.


Figure: image of SOLID 3.1, black, on the landing platform hoisting To the left of the image, the perforation system can be seen. © CAB & nbsp;

 

Fuente: UCC-CAB

 

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