Climate and Habitability on Terrestrial-Type Exoplanets

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The climate of a planet is of paramount importance to establish the possible presence of liquid water at its surface, and thus, in a wide sense generally accepted by the scientific community, its habitability. After a general introduction on basic concepts like the Circumstellar and the Galactic Habitable Zone, as well as on the current inventory of potentially habitable planets, I will present ARTECS – i.e., our archive of terrestrial-type climate numerical simulations based on ESTM (Earth-like Surface Temperature Model; Vladilo et al. 2013, 2015). In the second part of the presentation, I will discuss my current research on the impact of different and competing vegetation types on exoclimates’ habitability. Finally, I will briefly discuss a new model for estimating the probabilities of transitions and expectations for biological evolution – from the appearance of the first living forms to the rise of intelligence and up to the end of planetary habitability, and its possible applications to the ARTECS database.

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