Sushma Kurapati, Poonam Chandra, Gregg Wade, David H. Cohen, Alexandre David-Uraz, Marc Gagne, Jason Grunhut, Mary E. Oksala, Veronique Petit, Matt Shultz, Jon Sundqvist, Richard H. D. Townsend, Asif ud-Doula. 2017. A JVLA survey of the high-frequency radio emission of the massive magnetic B- and O-type stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465, 2, 2160-2169, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2838
We conducted a survey of seven magnetic O-type stars and eleven B-type stars with masses above 8M(circle dot) using the Very Large Array in the 1, 3 and 13 cm bands. The survey resulted in a detection of two O- and two B-type stars. While the detected O-type stars – HD 37742 and HD 47129 – are in binary systems, the detected B-type stars, HD 156424 and ALS 9522, are not known to be in binaries. All four stars were detected at 3 cm, whereas three were detected at 1 cm and only one star was detected at 13 cm. The detected B-type stars are significantly more radio luminous than the non-detected ones, which is not the case for O-type stars. The non-detections at 13 cm are interpreted as due to thermal free-free absorption. Mass-loss rates were estimated using 3 cm flux densities and were compared with theoretical mass-loss rates, which assume free-free emission. For HD 37742, the two values of the mass-loss rates were in good agreement, possibly suggesting that the radio emission for this star is mainly thermal. For the other three stars, the estimated mass-loss rates from radio observations were much higher than those expected from theory, suggesting either a possible contribution from non-thermal emission from the magnetic star or thermal or non-thermal emission due to interacting winds of the binary system, especially for HD 47129. All the detected stars are predicted to host centrifugal magnetospheres except HD 37742, which is likely to host a dynamical magnetosphere. This suggests that non-thermal radio emission is favoured in stars with centrifugal magnetospheres.