High cooperativity coupling to nuclear spins on a circuit quantum electrodynamics architecture

Victor Rollano, Marina C. de Ory, Christian D. Buch, Marcos Rubín-Osanz, David Zueco, Carlos Sánchez-Azqueta, Alessandro Chiesa, Daniel Granados, Stefano Carretta, Alicia Gomez, Stergios Piligkos & Fernando Luis. High cooperativity coupling to nuclear spins on a circuit quantum electrodynamics architecture. Commun Phys 5, 246 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s42005-022-01017-8

Nuclear spins are candidates to encode qubits or qudits due to their isolation from magnetic noise and potentially long coherence times. However, their weak coupling to external stimuli makes them hard to integrate into circuit quantum electrodynamics architectures, the leading technology for solid-state quantum processors. Here, we study the coupling of 173Yb(III) nuclear spin states in an [Yb(trensal)] molecule to superconducting cavities. Experiments have been performed on magnetically dilute single crystals placed on the inductors of lumped-element LC superconducting resonators with characteristic frequencies spanning the range of nuclear and electronic spin transitions. We achieve a high cooperative coupling to all electronic and most nuclear [173Yb(trensal)] spin transitions, a necessary ingredient for the implementation of qudit protocols with molecular spins using a hybrid architecture.

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