Infrared-excess white dwarfs in the Gaia 100 pc sample

Rebassa Mansergas, A., Solano, E., Zu, S., Rodrigo, C., Jiménez Esteban, F. M., Torres, S. 2019. Infrared-excess white dwarfs in the Gaia 100 pc sample. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 489, 3, 3990-4000 DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2423

We analyse the 100 pc Gaia white dwarf volume-limited sample by means of VOSA (Virtual Observatory SED Analyser) with the aim of identifying candidates for displaying infrared excesses. Our search focuses on the study of the spectral energy distribution (SED) of 3733 white dwarfs with reliable infrared photometry and G(BP) – G(RP) colours below 0.8 mag, a sample that seems to be nearly representative of the overall white dwarf population. Our search results in 77 selected candidates, 52 of which are new identifications. For each target, we apply a two-component SED fitting implemented in VOSA to derive the effective temperatures of both the white dwarf and the object causing the excess. We calculate a fraction of infrared-excess white dwarfs due to the presence of a circumstellar disc of 1.6 +/- 0.2 per cent, a value that increases to 2.6 +/- 0.3 per cent if we take into account incompleteness issues. Our results are in agreement with the drop in the percentage of infrared excess detections for cool (<8000 K) and hot (>20 000 K) white dwarfs obtained in previous analyses. The fraction of white dwarfs with brown dwarf companions we derive is similar to 0.1-0.2 per cent.

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