The GAPS Programme at TNG: XXI. A GIARPS case study of known young planetary candidates: confirmation of HD 285507 b and refutation of AD Leonis b

Carleo, I., Malavolta, L., Lanza, A. F., Damasso, M., Desidera, S., Borsa, F., Mallonn, M., Pinamonti, M., Gratton, R., Alei, E., Benatti, S., Manici, L., Maldonado, J., Biazzo, K., Esposito, M., Frustagli, G., González-Álvarez, E., Micela, G., Scandariato, G., Sozzetti, A., Affer, L., Bignamini, A., Bonomo, A. S., Claudi, R., Cosentino, R., Covino, E., Fiorenzano, A. F. M., Giacobbe, P., Harutyunyan, A., Leto, G., Maggio, A., Molinari, E., Nascimbeni, V., Pagano, I., Pedani, M., Piotto, G., Poretti, E., Rainer, M., Redfield, S., Baffa, C., Baruffolo, A., Buchschacher, N., Billotti, V., Cecconi, M., Falcini, G., Fantinel, D., Fini, L., Galli, A., Ghedina, A., Ghinassi, F., Giani, E., González, C., González, M., Guerra, J., Díaz, M. H., Hernández, N., Luzzolino, M., Lodi, M., Oliva, E., Origlia, L., Ventura, H. P., Puglisi, A., Riverol, C., Riverol, L., San Juan, J., Sanna, N., Scuderi, S., Seemann, U., Sozzi, M., Tozzi, A. (2020). The GAPS Programme at TNG: XXI. A GIARPS case study of known young planetary candidates: confirmation of HD 285507 b and refutation of AD Leonis b. Astronomy and Astrophysics 638 DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201937369

The existence of hot Jupiters is still not well understood. Two main channels are thought to be responsible for their current location: a smooth planet migration through the protoplanetary disk or the circularization of an initial highly eccentric orbit by tidal dissipation leading to a strong decrease in the semimajor axis. Different formation scenarios result in different observable effects, such as orbital parameters (obliquity and eccentricity) or frequency of planets at different stellar ages.Aims. In the context of the GAPS Young Objects project, we are carrying out a radial velocity survey with the aim of searching and characterizing young hot-Jupiter planets. Our purpose is to put constraints on evolutionary models and establish statistical properties, such as the frequency of these planets from a homogeneous sample.Methods. Since young stars are in general magnetically very active, we performed multi-band (visible and near-infrared) spectroscopy with simultaneous GIANO-B + HARPS-N (GIARPS) observing mode at TNG. This helps in dealing with stellar activity and distinguishing the nature of radial velocity variations: stellar activity will introduce a wavelength-dependent radial velocity amplitude, whereas a Keplerian signal is achromatic. As a pilot study, we present here the cases of two known hot Jupiters orbiting young stars: HD 285507 b and AD Leo b.Results. Our analysis of simultaneous high-precision GIARPS spectroscopic data confirms the Keplerian nature of the variation in the HD 285507 radial velocities and refines the orbital parameters of the hot Jupiter, obtaining an eccentricity consistent with a circular orbit. Instead, our analysis does not confirm the signal previously attributed to a planet orbiting AD Leo. This demonstrates the power of the multi-band spectroscopic technique when observing active stars.

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