Velocities of warm galactic outflows from synthetic H alpha observations of star-forming galaxies

Ceverino, D., Arribas, S., Colina, L., Del Pino, B. R., Dekel, A., Primack, J. 2016. Velocities of warm galactic outflows from synthetic H alpha observations of star-forming galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 460, 3, 2731-2743, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1195

The velocity structure imprinted in the H alpha emission line profiles contains valuable information about galactic outflows. Using a set of high-resolution zoom-in cosmological simulations of galaxies at z integral 2, we generate H alpha emission line profiles, taking into account the temperature-dependent H alpha emissivity, as well as dust extinction. The H alpha line can be described as a sum of two Gaussians, as typically done with observations. In general, its properties are in good agreement with those observed in local isolated galaxies with similar masses and star formation rates, assuming a spatially constant clumping factor of c 24. Blueshifted outflows are very common in the sample. They extend several kpc above the galaxy discs. They are also spread over the full extent of the discs. However, at small radii, the material with high velocities tends to remain confined within a thick disc, as part of galactic fountains or a turbulent medium, most probably due to the deeper gravitational potential at the galaxy centre.

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