Observations of the planetary nebula RWT 152 with OSIRIS/GTC

Aller, A.;Miranda, L. F.;Olguín, L.;Solano, E.;Ulla, A. 2016. Observations of the planetary nebula RWT 152 with OSIRIS/GTC. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 462, 4, 3945-3954 DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1916

RWT 152 is one of the few known planetary nebulae with an sdO central star. We present subarcsecond red tunable filterHa imaging and intermediate-resolution, long-slit spectroscopy of RWT 152 obtained with OSIRIS/GTC (Optical System for Imaging and low-Intermediate-Resolution Integrated Spectroscopy/Gran Telescopio Canarias) with the goal of analysing its properties. The Ha image reveals a bipolar nebula with a bright equatorial region and multiple bubbles in the main lobes. A faint circular halo surrounds the main nebula. The nebular spectra reveal a very low excitation nebula with weak emission lines from H+, He+ and double-ionized metals, and absence of emission lines from neutral and single-ionized metals, except for an extremely faint [NII] lambda 6584 emission line. These spectra may be explained if RWT 152 is a density-bounded planetary nebula. Low nebular chemical abundances of S, O, Ar, N and Ne are obtained in RWT 152, which, together with the derived high peculiar velocity (similar to 92-131 km s(-1)), indicate that this object is a halo planetary nebula. The available data are consistent with RWT 152 evolving from a low-mass progenitor (similar to 1 M-circle dot) formed in a metal-poor environment.

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