Unveiling the Merger Dynamics of the Most Massive MaDCoWS Cluster at z=1.2 from a Multiwavelength Mapping of Its Intracluster Medium Properties

Ruppin, F., McDonald, M., Brodwin, M., Adam, R., Ade, P., Andre, P., Andrianasolo, A., Arnaud, M., Aussel, H., Bartalucci, I., Bautz, M. W., Beelen, A., Benoit, A., Bideaud, A., Bourrion, O., Calvo, M., Catalano, A., Comis, B., Decker, B., De Petris, M., Desert, F. X., Doyle, S., Driessen, E. F. C., Eisenhardt, P. R. M., Gómez, A., González, A. H., Goupy, J., Keruzore, F., Kramer, C., Ladjelate, B., Lagache, G., Leclerq, S., Lestrade, J. F., Macías Pérez, J. F., Mauskpf, P., Mayet, F., Monfardini, A., Moravec, E., Perotto, L., Pisano, G., Pointecouteau, E., Ponthieu, N., Pratt, G. W., Revert, V., Ritacco, A., Romero, C., Roussel, H., Schuster, K., Shu, S., Sievers, A., Stanford, S. A., Stern, D., Tucker, C., Zylka, R. (2020). Unveiling the Merger Dynamics of the Most Massive MaDCoWS Cluster at z=1.2 from a Multiwavelength Mapping of Its Intracluster Medium Properties. Astrophysical Journal 893, 1 DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab8007

The characterization of the Intracluster Medium (ICM) properties of high-redshift galaxy clusters is fundamental to our understanding of large-scale structure formation processes. We present the results of a multiwavelength analysis of the very massive cluster MOO J1142+1527 at a redshift z = 1.2 discovered as part of the Massive and Distant Clusters of WISE Survey. This analysis is based on high angular resolution Chandra X-ray and NIKA2 Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (SZ) data. The cluster thermodynamic radial profiles have been obtained with unprecedented precision at this redshift and up to 0.7R(500), thanks to the combination of high-resolution X-ray and SZ data. The comparison between the galaxy distribution mapped in infrared by Spitzer and the morphological properties of the ICM derived from the combined analysis of the Chandra and NIKA2 data leads us to the conclusion that the cluster is an ongoing merger. We have estimated a systematic uncertainty on the cluster total mass that characterizes both the impact of the observed deviations from spherical symmetry and of the core dynamics on the mass profile. We further combine the X-ray and SZ data at the pixel level to obtain maps of the temperature and entropy distributions. We find a relatively low-entropy core at the position of the X-ray peak and high-temperature regions located on its south and west sides. This work demonstrates that the addition of spatially resolved SZ observations to low signal-to-noise X-ray data brings a high information gain on the characterization of the evolution of ICM thermodynamic properties at z > 1.

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